to
ORGANIC VEGETABLES

OF MALAYSIA AND SOUTHERN THAILAND

(SAYUR-SAYURAN ORGANIK MALAYSIA DAN THAILAND SELATAN)



Chapter 04 - Organic Farming Project Plan
Bab 01 - Rancangan Projek Kebun Organik


Introduction
Pengenalan


IBC has a very large piece of agricultural land earmarked for its expansion programme. At present, except for some rubber tapping activities, the land is mostly lying idle,. This is a project proposal to make use of some of the land for an organic vegetable farm.

The unused land at IBC campus
Tanah yang tidak diguna di kampus IBC

The land suitable for an organic farm
Tanah yang sesuai untuk kebun organik

Objectives
Objektif


The objectives of this farm are
  • To provide organic plants, vegetables and fruits as healthy food for IBC campus usage.
  • To make medium term use of the idle land belonging to IBC so that it is more productive .
  • To provide a platform to gain experience and experiment on Organic Vegetable production.
  • To supply the organic vegetable to Than Hsiang Temple Penang in the future.

Organically planted cabbages
Kobis yang ditanam secara organik

TARGET PROCESS
PROSES ARAH TUJU


The farm should be started on an initial loan process, which is to be paid-back when the farm is in production. It will be based on Buddhist Organic Farming procedures without the use of poisons or any other methods that is not environment friendly. Choice of vegetables planted will also be of those usable at IBC or Than Hsiang Temple.

Organic cabbage patch
Kebun kobis organik

IDENTIFICATION OF LAND
PILIHAN TANAH




A survey of the total IBC land area was made on the 21st. July 2003 by staffs of Klintiendharm (Than Hsiang) Foundation and Khun Pradit who acts as a local consultant. A small seven (7) rai plot of land (marked in red on the plan above) at the far right side of IBC on the other side of the high tension electric line was selected as the most logical location for the farm with the following rational.

  • Seven (7) rai is sufficient for a 5 year expansion of the farm
  • Another eight (8) rai of government reserve land under the high tension electric wires that can also be used by the farm should there be a need for further expansion.
  • It is isolated from the IBC campus ground and is too small for other larger projects
  • There is a stream running nearby for the source of constant water supply.
  • The current plants on the land is palm oil, unlike rubber it is not harvested and is not bring in any earning to IBC
  • It already has an access dirt road.
  • It is beside the main road.
  • The soil in that area is sandy loam which is suitable for food crops.
  • The land title is agricultural and there is no need for conversion
  • It is walking distance from the IBC campus.

Young Organic broccoli
Broccoli organik, pokok Kecil


Water supply is important
Bekalan air mustahak

DEVELOPMENT STAGES
PRINGKAT PEMBANGUNAN


  • To built a pond as a water reservoir at the edge of the land under the high tension electric wires
  • To develop 1 rai for special vegetables. ie choy sam, lettuce, Possibly the need to have shade (greenhouse) to protect the vegetables. Four (4) large sheds can be constructed on 1 rai of land,
  • To develop One (1) rai for local vegetables that are fairly pest resistant, ie cucumber, pumkin
  • To develop (2) rais for local cash crop fruits ie, papaya, pineapple
  • To develop (1) rai for some seasonal fruits, ie mangoes, coconuts, rambutans
  • To develop one (1) rai as, farm house, processing shed, germinating nursery, mushroom shed, hydro-phonic shed, compost mixing shed etc
  • To built a 3 unit farm house for the workers, office and store

MANPOWER YEAR 1
TENARGA MANUSIA TAHUN 1


Minimal man-power requirement is as follows

  • Klintiendharm (Than Hsiang) Foundation, Executive Secretary to oversee the project
  • Farm Manager
  • Farm hands (4 pax)
POSITION SALARY PER MONTH NO. TOTAL PER MONTH TOTAL PER YEAR
KTHF Executive Secretary 7000 0.5 3500 42000
Farm Manager 7000 1 7000 84000
Farm Hands 3500 4 14000 168000
TOTAL   5.5 24500 294000


MANPOWER, over 5 years
TENARGA MANUSIA, bagi 5 tahun


POSITION YEAR 1 YEAR 2 YEAR 3 YEAR 4 YEAR 5
KTHF Executive Secretary 0.5 0.5 1 1 1
Farm Manager 1 1 1 1 1
Farm Hands 4 4 5 5 6
TOTAL 5.5 5.5 7 7 8





PROJECT COSTING
PERUNTUKAN PROJEK


INFRASTRUCTURE
INFRASTRUKTIR


Land clearing and landscaping 20,000 bahts
Digging of pond as a water reservoir 30,000 bahts
2 h/p (2 pieces, Italian brand) each 8,000 bahts 16,000 bahts
Green House for special vegetables (inc. labour) each 20,000 bahts 80,000 bahts
Germinating Nursery Shed (inc. labour) each 14,000 bahts 14,000 bahts
Product washing and packing shed 10,000 bahts 10,000 bahts
Farm Handsí Quarters, Office and Store (total of 3 units) 60,000 bahts
Mushroom culture sheds 10,000 bahts
Compost mixing shed 5,000 bahts
Basic farm accessories and equipments 100,000 bahts
Seeds and plant stocks 5,000/month inc. mushrooms 60,000 bahts
Fencing 45,000 bahts
TOTAL 450,000 bahts

OPERATING COST
PERUNTUKAN OPERASI


Fuel and transportation
Government Fees and documentations

TOTAL COSTING, 1st YEAR
JUMLAH PERUNTUKAN, TAHUN PERTAMA


Man-power 294,000
Infrastructure 450,000
Operating cost 251,000

ESTIMATED TIMELINE
ANGGARAN JADUAL MASA



INFRASTRUCTURE
INFRASTRUKTIR


Preparation of Master-plan and approval August, 2003
Land survey to mark boundary, fencing September, 2003
Marking trees that are to be cut September, 2003
Land clearing and landscape planning October, 2003
Infracture development November & December, 2003
Experimental planting October & December, 2003
Farm to start functioning January, 2004


Inquiries    (Pertanyaan)
KLINTIENDHARM (THAN HSIANG) FOUNDATION
Soi Central Park,
Hatyai, Thailand

August 2003